Neuromas are benign growths of nerve tissue, or nerve tumors, that form when the nerves are irritated by surrounding tissue rubbing against them. Improper footwear that creates pressure on the foot, as well as foot structure abnormalities and injury to the nerves can cause or worsen neuromas. Symptoms of a neuroma include intense pain, swelling, tingling, numbness, and/ or a burning sensation in the toes and forefoot area. The pain usually intensifies when walking.
Surgery may be necessary to treat neuromas that cause chronic nerve pain. Neuroma surgery involves locating the affected nerve and then cutting and removing it. To reach the nerve, incisions are made where the neuroma is located. The surgery is usually done as an outpatient procedure under local anesthesia. The patient wears a surgical shoe post-surgery to protect the area, and elevation and ice application are recommended to reduce swelling. Recovery time is around a month to six weeks.